Basics of Sound Recording
Now this is a very general post to get you into the subject of sound recording. I personally do sound recording for Feature Films, Short Films, Corporate and commercial projects and so some of information may only be specifically for those areas. Feel free to contact me for more tailored information or use the search function setup on this site for more information.
Basics of sound recording start really with what does a sound recordist do?
The sound recordist is there to capture dialogue and some synch effects while filming is happening. This saves productions masses amounts of money and time having to do all the sound in post production where time is limited. The most important aspect of any project is the dialogue. Capturing the performances of actors in the moment is very important in connecting audiences to the characters and their story.
Basics of Sound Recording: Microphones
Microphones are your weapons for capturing dialogue and any effects as a guide for post production to keep or redo. Microphones have different polar patterns. Different polar patterns and combinations of microphones are used for different environments and situations.
Most Microphones are Condenser microphones for dialogue recording unless you are using a microphone for singing in a live band or some reporter microphones where you have to be really close to it. Those are Dynamic Microphones.
Basics of Sound Recording: Metering and levels.
Levels refer to your amplification level of your tiny voltage created by measuring electrical voltage differences inside the microphone. The meters then display sound levels in terms of VU and/or peaks of the sound waves.
I always measure in both on my mixer as then you can get a better representation of the sound your are recording. Clicking your fingers will be low on a VU but may clip the signal on the peak meter. Clipping referring to when a signal goes over 0dB on the scale and can’t be represented in a digital domain anymore because there isn’t enough room, referred to as dynamic range.
find out more about the basics of sound recording levels.
Basics of Sound Recording: lots more to learn
This blog post would be too massive to include every basic of sound recording but now you should be able to get a taste and have two key aspects to great location recording. Please leave any comments below and see more related articles to expand your knowledge below.